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What to Know About West Nile Virus
West Nile virus (WNV) is a potentially serious illness. Experts believe WNV is a seasonal epidemic in North America that flares up in the summer and continues into the fall. This fact sheet contains important information that can help you prevent West Nile virus.
Prevention measures consist of community-based mosquito control programs to help reduce mosquito populations, personal protection measures to reduce the likelihood of being bitten by infected mosquitoes, and programs that identify areas of risk that allow health agencies to target resources.
The easiest and best way to avoid WNV is to prevent mosquito bites. Follow these simple tips for protection:
Use insect repellent containing an EPA-registered active ingredient when you are outdoors. Follow the directions on the package.
Use insect repellent and wear long sleeves and pants during dusk and at dawn or consider staying indoors during these hours. These are the times many mosquitoes are most active.
Make sure you have good screens on your windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.
Get rid of mosquito breeding sites by emptying standing water from flower pots, buckets and barrels. Change the water in pet dishes daily and replace the water in bird baths weekly. Drill holes in tire swings so water drains out. Keep children’s wading pools empty and turned on their sides when they aren’t being used.
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention