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United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service Oklahoma Crop Weather Oklahoma Field Office Cooperating with the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry P.O. Box 528804 · Oklahoma City, OK 73152-8804 (405) 522-6190 · FAX (405) 528-2296 · www.nass.usda.gov/ok A combined contribution with Cooperative Extension Service, USDA Farm Service Agency and Oklahoma Mesonet -over- USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Information provided by respondents on NASS surveys, will remain completely confidential, as required by Federal law. NASS safeguards the confidentiality of all responses, ensuring that no individual producer or operation can be identified. Volume 36, Number 9 Weekly Summary for Apr 8-Apr 14 Issued April 15, 2013 Freeze Damage Being Assessed The week began with warm temperatures and highs into the 80s. However, a storm front and a cold front came across Oklahoma mid-week bringing rainfall, ice and plunging temperatures. All of central and western Oklahoma dropped below freezing, with a hard freeze over most of northwestern Oklahoma. Beaver County spent more than 40 hours below freezing, and Boise City tied the record for the lowest temperature ever recorded on April 11th in Oklahoma, at 15 degrees. The extent of the freeze damage on small grains was still being assessed, but preliminary indications reported some level of damage to 69 percent of small grains. Precipitation for the week averaged 0.86 of an inch for the state, with the highest totals in the Central district, averaging 1.35 inches. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate, and six percent was rated surplus. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly short to very short, but 25 percent was now rated adequate. There were only 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Small Grains: Preliminary reports of freeze damage to small grains showed some damage across 69 percent of small grains. Wheat jointing was 78 percent complete by Sunday, 10 points behind the five-year average and 17 points behind this time last year. Rye jointing was 82 percent complete, and nine percent was reported heading by week’s end, compared to 38 percent for the five-year average. Oat planting was winding down at 96 percent complete by the end of the week. One fourth of the oats were jointing, 20 points behind normal progress. Half of canola was rated poor to very poor and half was rated excellent to fair. Forty percent of canola was blooming by the end of the week, compared to 100 percent of canola blooming at this time last year. Row Crops: Fieldwork was behind normal for all row crops. Corn seedbed preparation was 80 percent complete by the end of the week, and 19 percent of corn was planted, 30 points behind last year and 16 points behind the five-year average. Sorghum seedbed preparation was 37 percent complete, and soybean seedbed preparation was 28 percent complete by week’s end. Peanut seedbed preparation was 38 percent complete, and cotton seedbed preparation was 51 percent complete, both significantly behind normal. Pasture and Livestock: Conditions of pasture and range improved slightly, and were rated mostly fair to poor. Cooler temperatures continued to limit forage development, but soil moisture continued to improve. Livestock conditions continued to be rated mostly good to fair. Soil Moisture Conditions by Percent Week Ending Sunday, April 14, 2013 Moisture Rating Current Week Previous Week One Year Ago Topsoil Very Short 13 11 3 Short 21 26 14 Adequate 60 57 72 Surplus 6 6 11 Subsoil Very Short 38 33 11 Short 36 43 29 Adequate 25 22 55 Surplus 1 2 5 Conditions by Percent For Week Ending Sunday, April 14, 2013 Commodity Very Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent Wheat 13 24 38 23 2 Rye 18 11 33 34 4 Oats 9 17 40 31 3 Canola 23 27 25 23 2 Livestock 2 16 45 34 3 Pasture and Range 27 31 30 11 1
|Okla State Agency||
Agriculture, Food, and Forestry, Oklahoma Department of
|Okla Agency Code||
|Title||Oklahoma crop weather, 04/15/2013|
Oklahoma. Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry.
United States. National Agricultural Statistics Service. Oklahoma Field Office.
|Purpose||Freeze Damage Being Assessed|
|For all issues click||
|Digital Format||PDF, Adobe Reader required|
|ODL electronic copy||Downloaded from agency website: http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Oklahoma/Publications/Crop_Progress_&_Condition/2013/ok_cw_04_14_2013.pdf|
|Rights and Permissions||This Oklahoma state government publication is provided for educational purposes under U.S. copyright law. Other usage requires permission of copyright holders.|