Information Series #1, June 1998
Mountains, Streams, and Lakes of Oklahoma I
Kenneth S. Johnson2
Mountains and streams define the landscape of
Oklahoma (Fig. 1). The mountains consist mainly of
resistant rock masses that were folded, faulted, and
thrust upward in the geologic past (Fig. 2), whereas
the streams have persisted in eroding less-resistant
rock units and lowering the landscape to form broad
Alphabetical List of20 Lakes with
Largest Surface Area
(from Oklahoma Water Atlas,
Oklahoma Water Resources Board)
1. Broken Bow 11. Lake 0' The Cherokees
2. Canton 12. Oologah
3. Eufaula 13. Robert s. Kerr
4. Fort Gibson 14. Sardis
5. Foss 15. Skiatook
6. Great Salt Plains 16. Tenkiller Ferry
·7. Hudson 17. Texoma
8. Hugo 18. Waurika
9. Kaw 19. Webbers Falls
10. Keystone 20. Wister
Modified from Historical Atlas of Oklahoma, by
John W. Morris, Charles R. Goins, and Edwin C.
McReynolds. Copyright © 1986 by the University
of Oklahoma Press.
o 40 80Km
valleys, hills, and plains throughout most of the remainder
of Oklahoma (Fig. 1). All the major lakes and
reservoirs of Oklahoma are man-made, and they are
important for flood contr()l, water supply, recreation,
and generation of hydroelectric power. Natural lakes
in Oklahoma are limited to oxbow lakes along major
streams and to playa lakes in the High Plains region
of the west.
Figure 1. Mountains, streams, and principal lakes of Oklahoma.
lReprinted from Oklahoma Geology Notes (1993), vol. 53, no. 5, p. 180-188. The Notes article was reprinted and expanded
from Oklahoma Almanac, 1993-1994, Oklahoma Department of Lihraries, p. 554-557.
2 Associate Director, Oklahoma Geological Survey.