Fact Sheet 2010
WHY ASTHMA MATTERS:
In 2008, it was estimated that 16.1 million adult Americans currently have asthma.
An asthma "episode" or “attack” is a series of events that result in narrowed airways. About 12.7 million
Americans had an asthma attack.
In 2008, asthma accounted for an estimated 14.2 million lost work days in adults.
Asthma is serious, and could be life threatening. In 2006, Close to 1.7 million emergency room visits were
attributed to asthma and about 3,613 Americans die from asthma.
ASTHMA IN OKLAHOMA ADULTS
In 2009, 274,700 adults 18 years and
older (9.9%) in Oklahoma reported that
they currently had asthma.
Females reported higher prevalence of
current asthma than males.
Oklahoma has similar asthma mortality
rates as the nation, which is decreasing in
African Americans in Oklahoma have
much higher asthma mortality rates than
other racial groups.
Asthma mortality rates were much higher among people aged 65 years and over.
ASTHMA HEALTH CARE UTILIZATIONS
In 2009, there were 4,522 hospital admissions with asthma as principle diagnosis in Oklahoma, with the
total charges of $69.9 million. The hospitalization rate of asthma was much higher for African Americans.
21.7% of adults with current asthma visited emergency room (ER) or urgent care center because of their
asthma during the past 12 months. • Adults with current asthma and without healthcare coverage
reported significantly higher percentages of having asthma attack.
Adults with current asthma who were minorities or with annual household incomes <$25,000 reported
significantly higher percentages of using the emergency and urgent care.
Younger age and lack of health coverage were the barriers for patients with current asthma to seek
routine physician visits.
Asthma in Adult Oklahomans
Prevalence of Lifetime and Current Asthma by
Race/Ethnicity: Oklahoma BRFSS 2009
Lifetime asthma Current asthma
The Oklahoma Asthma Initiative (OAI) is a coalition of organizations and individuals working to improve the
health status of Oklahomans affected by asthma. As such, the OAI is working in the following areas in an
effort to implement and sustain changes: medical professional education, patient and caregiver education,
community education, public policy, data and surveillance, and public relations.
For more information on asthma in Oklahoma contact:
Oklahoma State Department of Health Oklahoma Asthma Initiative
Chronic Disease Service American Lung Association of Central States
1000 Northeast 10th Street 1010 E. 8th Street, Tulsa, OK 74120
Oklahoma City, OK 73117-1299 (918) 747-3441
(405) 271-4072 http://www.asthmaok.org
Last Revised Jan. 2011
ASTHMA MANAGEMENT & CONTROL
56.6% of adults with current asthma reported an asthma episode or attack during the past 12 months.
People 35 years and over with current asthma were more likely to take asthma medications.
Significantly higher proportions of receiving vaccine could be seen among those aged 65 years and over,
or those with health coverage.
BURDEN OF ASTHMA
29.8% of adults with current asthma were unable to work or carry out usual activities at least one day
during the past 12 months because of asthma.
Prescription drugs represented the largest single direct cost. About 22.2% of adults with current asthma
reported that there was a time in the past 12 months that they could not buy medication for asthma
because of the cost when they needed.
ASTHMA AND TOBACCO
In Oklahoma, 25.5% of adults reported they
currently smoke in 2009, much higher than the
national average of 17.9%.
Among those adults with current asthma, 32.7%
reported they currently smoke and another
27.0% said they were former smokers.
Current smokers reported significantly higher
proportions of having asthma than that among
people never smoked (11.8% vs. 7.3%).
Adults with current asthma may be exposed to
second hand smoke in their working areas or the public areas of workplaces due to the fact that either
there is no official smoking policy or smoking is allowed in those areas.
Prevalence of Current Asthma by
Oklahoma BRFSS 2007-2009
Former Smokers Never Smoked
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